Canada is one of the world’s great liberal democracies.
Founded on the British parliamentary model, every citizen over the age of 18 has the right to vote – to have his or her say in how our country should be run. A model for the world, Canada is active in helping bring democracy and democratic values to other countries.
A Dynamic Federation
Canada is a federation made up of 10 provinces and 3 territories. As a large country with a small population and great regional differences in geography and perspective, we have developed a unique style of government based on respect for alternate views and compromise. Our three levels of elected government – federal, provincial and municipal – divide the responsibilities of governing us among them.
Human Rights Protected
Canada has an independent judiciary and laws based on a written constitution, which includes a Charter of Rights and Freedoms that takes precedence over the other laws of the land.
The Charter of Rights and Freedoms
Every citizen and permanent resident of Canada enjoys these rights and freedoms, among many others:
Freedom of religion, expression, peaceful assembly and association.
The right to live and work in any province.
The right to life, liberty and security of the person.
The right to be secure against unreasonable search or seizure.
The right not to be arbitrarily detained or imprisoned.
Every individual is equal before and under the law, regardless of race, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, sex, age or mental or physical disability.